Contact
Subscribe
Advertise
Follow us on:
Search:
Banner
When will cancer be finally cured?

TP_201705_FUTURE_01.jpg

      椹簯鏇捐锛氬崄骞村悗鐧岀棁灏嗗洶鎵颁腑鍥芥瘡涓搴紝鏈鎷呭績鐨勬槸鎸g殑閽变笉澶熷尰鑽垂銆備互鍓嶇檶鐥囨槸涓涓█鏈夌殑鍚嶈瘝锛屽浠婏紝鐧岀棁鍙樻垚浜嗕竴绉嶅父鎬併


      鐧岀棁鍙戠梾鐨勫師鐞嗘瘮杈冨ソ鐞嗚В锛氬ぇ澶氭暟浜轰笉浼氫粠鐖惰緢鍩哄洜涓洿鎺ラ仐浼犵檶鐥囷紝浣嗘槸韬綋瑁傚彉鍑烘柊鐨勭粏鑳炴椂鍗村彲鑳藉嚭鐜板熀鍥犵獊鍙橈紝杩欎簺閿欒瑁傚彉鐨勭粏鑳炰細瀵艰嚧鏃犲彲鎸藉洖鐨勫悗鏋——鍥犱负浜轰綋浼氬湪缁嗚優鍒嗚鏈熷悓鏃跺鍒朵笁鍗佷嚎姣旂壒鐨勪俊鎭紝鑰屾垜浠殑韬綋姣忓ぉ浼氬垎瑁傛暟鍗佷嚎璁$殑鏂扮粏鑳炪傝櫧鐒剁洰鍓嶄汉绫诲鐧岀棁鏉熸墜鏃犵瓥锛屼絾鏄瀛﹀涓庡尰瀛﹀浠庢湭鍋滄鎺㈠娌绘剤鐧岀棁鐨勮剼姝ャ傛湭鏉ユ湁鍥涚鏂瑰紡鍙互甯姪浜虹被鎴樹簤鐧岀棁杩欎釜鍖诲闅鹃銆

      绗竴绉嶆柟娉曟槸缁煎悎娌荤枟銆傜郴缁熺敓鐗╁鐨勫垱鏂颁娇寰楃瀛﹀鍙互鍒╃敤涓嬩竴浠h绠椾笌鏁板妯″紡鍦ㄦ湭鏉ラ娴嬫不鐤楁晥鏋滃苟缁欏嚭鏇存湁鏁堢殑缁煎悎娌荤枟鏂瑰紡銆傜檶鐥囩殑娌荤枟鏂规硶澶氱澶氭牱锛岃繖绉嶆柊涓浠g粨鍚堝绉嶆不鐤楁柟寮忕殑鍖荤枟鏂规硶寰堝彲鑳藉湪鏈潵澶ф樉韬墜銆

      绗簩绉嶆柟娉曟槸鍒嗗瓙璇婃柇锛岃繖绉嶆柟娉曡嚧鍔涗簬鎻愪緵瀹氬埗娌荤枟锛屽叾娌荤枟鏂规硶鏄粠鑲跨槫涓垎绂诲嚭DNA骞舵壘鍑虹獊鍙橀儴鍒嗭紝浠庤屾壘鍒颁笌鍏跺搴旂殑鏈夋晥鑽墿鎴栨不鐤楁柟娉曘

      鐩墠鏈夋晥鐨勭檶鐥囨不鐤楁柟娉曚富瑕佹槸鍩轰簬瀵规偅鑰呯檶鍙樼粏鑳炲熀鍥犵獊鍙樼殑閴村畾锛屽尰鐢熶細鏍规嵁鎮h呮儏鍐甸夊彇鐩稿簲鐨勮嵂鐗╁幓鎵浆閭d簺鏈夊绐佸彉閮ㄥ垎锛屼絾杩欏浜庢伓鎬ц偪鐦ゆ棤鏁堛傛湭鏉ワ紝绮惧瘑鍖诲灏嗗~琛ヨ繖涓绌虹櫧锛屼负鎴戜滑甯︽潵鏇村娌荤枟鎴愬姛鐨勫彲鑳姐

绗洓绉嶆柟娉曟鏄椂涓嬬儹璁殑浜哄伐鏅鸿兘銆傝櫧鐒朵汉绫诲彲浠ヤ粠鐧岀粏鑳炰腑鍒嗙鍑篋NA绛夐噸瑕佷俊鎭紝浣嗘槸鍦ㄦ棤鏁扮娌荤枟鏂规硶鍜岃嵂鍝佷腑瀵绘壘鍑烘湁鏁堟不鎰堢殑鑽緷鐒跺洶闅俱備汉宸ユ櫤鑳藉垯鍙互鍦ㄨ繖涓棰嗗煙濉ˉ绌虹櫧甯姪浜虹被绮惧噯鎵惧埌瀵圭棁鐨勬不鐤楁柟妗堛

      闄や簡鐧岀棁锛屼汉绫昏繕鏈夊緢澶氬叾浠栫殑鍖诲澶у北灏氬緟缈昏秺锛屽鍏嬮噷鏈-鍒氭灉鍑鸿鐑紝鍩冨崥鎷夌梾姣掞紝椹皵鍫$梾绛夌瓑銆備絾绉戝鐨勬棩鐩婅繘姝ュ彲浠ュ府鍔╂垜浠湪闈㈠杩欎簺宸ㄥぇ鐨勬寫鎴樻椂鏇村姞鍧︾劧銆
future_01.jpg
After a few decades of modern war on cancer, clinicians and scientists are excited by what they have been learning and discovering. On the other hand, patients suffering from this vicious disease are often frustrated by the sluggish progress in treatment and prevention. Yet, there is a huge hope in future for both success in treatment and also decreasing an individual’s chance of getting cancer. 
 
Most people do not get cancer directly from their parent's genes, but it occurs as a result of mutation in the inherited genes since the human body creates new cells in order to maintain internal organs. These copying errors arise as an unavoidable consequence when our body tries to copy more than three billion 'bits of information' during cell division. While that may be true, the most extensive and fastest rates of cell division happen during the embryonic development when several billions of cells are created every single day. However, newborns very rarely get cancer. This is a seeming paradox in humans. The cell division gets slower in each tissue as we grow older, whereas the odds of getting cancer rises with age.
 
It is hard to say when cancer will finally be cured, but some technologies are certain to shape the future of cancer treatment and care. These innovations will ensure that patients get faster and more personalized cancer care. Here are some future trends and technologies that will help us in the fight against cancer.
future_02.jpg
Next-generation therapies
 
It is proven that drugs combined with some targeted therapies yield good results in the treatment of AIDS. The same goes for cancer with the difference that combining multiple cancer therapies is more difficult owing to an enormous number of possible combinations. Thanks to the innovations in systems biology that utilize next-generation computational and mathematical models, scientists will be able to predict possible therapy effects and deliver more efficient combined therapies in the near future. Also, there are new approaches related to immunotherapies that emphasize the importance of making the immune system sensitive so that it can fight against cancer cells.
future_03.jpg
Molecular cancer diagnostics
 
Many cancer-related companies are striving to create customized treatment methods which are based on the genetic structure of tumors. The main purpose of these methods is to isolate DNA from tumor cell and find key mutations that will match either the current clinical trials or already available drugs on the market. Over time, this is going to be the standard for molecular cancer diagnostics.
 
Precision medicine
 
Effective cancer therapies are based on the precise identification of genetic mutation in a patient’s tumor. Patients with cancer are treated with drugs (known as targeted therapeutics) that selectively reverse those dangerous mutations. Unfortunately, these drugs are usually not beneficial in treating malignant tumors that do not bear the specific mutation. Precision medicine is supposed to bring us more therapies in the coming years that will be able to target mutations which cause cancer, no matter where it arises in the body.
future_04.jpg

Artificial intelligence algorithms
 
Even though it's possible to draw out tumor cells from blood and extract their DNA, it still presents a struggle to make a right choice when selecting a treatment. No oncologist is capable of seeing through the thousands of clinical trials and millions of studies by keeping all the mutations and parameters in mind. So what is the solution? Maybe to employ artificial intelligence algorithms to make therapy design instead is the answer. IBM Watson is a supercomputer that finds personalized treatments for people suffering from cancer, going through all available information in a matter of minutes.
 
What other diseases will shorten human life span in future?
 
Unfortunately, cancer will not be the only illness that will make human life shorter in future. The World Health Organization revealed some of the emerging diseases that are very likely to give rise to severe epidemics in the years ahead. 
 
future_05.jpg- Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever
- Ebola
- Marburg
- Lassa fever
- Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV)
- SARS (Severe acute respiratory syndrome)
- Nipah virus
- Rift Valley fever
 
In addition to these top 8 emerging diseases, WHO's group of health experts and scientists also prioritize Chikungunya virus (CHIKV), Zika virus and severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) as the most concerning diseases in the near future.
 
While we are still not ready to cure these diseases and cancer so far, it is certain that with more scientific achievements we will be able to face them with less fear.
 
--- END ---
  About TJ+     Contact TJ+     Subscribe to TJ+     Advertise on TJ+  
Copyright © 2017 TianjinPlus.com All rights reserved.