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Jiayuguan

Jiayuguan
First Pass under Heaven
By Rebecca Vaughn

TP 201810 China 01鍢夊唱鍏
鈥滃ぉ涓嬬涓鍏斥

 

鍢夊唱鍏虫槸涓浗鐢樿們鐪佺殑涓涓叧鍙o紝浣嶄簬閰掓硥甯備互瑗32鍏噷銆備箣鍓嶏紝闀垮煄杩樿浠庤繖閲岀坏寤跺埌寰堣繙鐨勫湴鏂瑰幓锛岀劧鍚庡湪1372骞达紝鏄庢湞鍒濆勾锛屽湪杩欓噷淇缓浜嗕竴涓濉烇紝鏍囧織鐫闀垮煄鍒拌繖閲岀粨鏉熴


鍥犳锛屽湪14涓栫晫鏈拰18涓栫邯涓湡锛屽槈宄叧灏辨槸褰撴椂涓浗鐨勮タ閮ㄨ竟澧冪嚎銆備箣鍓嶅槈宄叧涓嶄粎浠呮湁澶栧煄锛岃繕鏈夊唴鍩庯紝鑰岀幇鍦ㄥ鍩庡眳浣忕潃鏁伴噺涓150锛000鐨勪汉鍙c

 

浼犺
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浣嶇疆
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鎮噦闀垮煄
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鍦ㄥ鍩庤兘鐪嬪埌浠
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鍦ㄨ繖閲屼綘杩樿兘鐪嬪埌娓稿嚮灏嗗啗搴溿佹枃鏄岄榿銆佷含鍓у銆

 

濡備綍鍒板槈宄叧鍘
鍦扮偣锛氬槈宄叧鍦ㄧ敇鑲冪渷鍢夊唱鍏冲競瑗垮崡6鍏噷澶


濡備綍鍒拌揪锛氫粠甯備腑蹇冨潗4璺叕浜よ溅锛屽ぇ绾﹁姳20鍒嗛挓鐨勬椂闂


璐圭敤锛氬鑺備笉鍚岋紝浠锋牸涓嶅悓

- 鏃哄锛5鏈1鏃-10鏈31鏃ワ級锛氶棬绁ㄤ负120鍏冿紝鍖呮嫭鎮噦闀垮煄銆佸槈宄叧鏅尯鍜岄暱鍩庣涓鐑界伀鍙般
- 娣″锛11鏈1鏃-娆″勾4鏈30鏃ワ級锛氶棬绁ㄤ负60鍏冿紝鍖呮嫭鐨勫唴瀹逛笌鏃哄鐩稿悓銆

 

钀ヤ笟鏃堕棿锛氫笂鍗8:00鍒颁笅鍗18:30

 

鏈浣虫父瑙堟椂闂达細5鏈-10鏈

TP 201810 China 02

Jiayuguan, which is also known as (Jiayu Pass) is a small Chinese outpost in Gansu situated 32 km west of the city of Jiuquan. Formerly, the Great Wall stretched further than this point, however, in 1372, during the first years of the Ming Dynasty, a fort was built there which marked the end of the Great Wall.

 

With this, Jiayuguan marks the western border of Han-China for the period between the end of the 14th and the mid-18th century. Jiayuguan once comprised of an inner and outer city. Now, the outer city is a town with a population of about 150,000 people.

 

The Legend

As for every city, there is a legend for Jiayuguan as well, and it goes like this鈥 During the reign of the Ming Dynasty, a talented architect and excellent mathematician Yi Kaizhan was asked for an estimation of materials for the Wall. He approximated the precise number of bricks (99,999), however, the authorities questioned his judgment and added one extra. When Jiayuguan was completed, there was precisely one brick left, which now stands on top of the primary entryway.

TP 201810 China 03

Where Jiayugan is situated

The Jiayu Fort (Jiayuguan Chenoglu), 5 km west of the city,, is the main attraction of Jiayuguan. It guards the Jiayu Pass that lies between the snow-capped Qilian Mountains and the Black Mountains of the Mazong range of mountains.

 

During the Ming Dynasty, this was the end of the Great Wall, the western border of the Chinese Empire. The fort was called 鈥淔irst Pass under Heaven鈥 by the Chinese. It was built in 1372 with towers having been added during the subsequent years.

 

The outside wall is approximately 733 meters in size and almost 10 meters high. At the eastern side of the fort is the Guanghua Men (Gate of Enlightenment) and in the west is the Rouyuan Men (Gate of Reconciliation).

 

There are towers 17 meters high above each gate. Outside the Guanghua Gate, but within the outside wall are three interesting buildings, namely the Wenchang Pavilion, and the Guandi Temple (with tableaux of life in ancient China), and the Open Air Theater, where operas can sometimes be seen.

TP 201810 China 04

Hanging Great Wall

Approximately 7 km northwest of Jiayuguan, the Hanging Great Wall can be seen. It connects Jiayuguan with Heishan, the Black Mountains and dates back to 1540. In 1987 it was restored.

 

The wall comprises of two sections which have been restored in recent years and have been partly rebuilt. The first section contains a fourth and two watchtowers that can be reached via a steep climb. From the high point, you can have a beautiful view of the desert and Jiayuguan city. A footpath leads down and leads to an area wherein there are sculptures of a caravan because the Silk Road crossed the Wall.

 

Further on are sculptures of warlords, the Huguo Temple, the Haihui Pagoda and a petroglyph. The second section which is not accessible is steep and contains two watchtowers. From the Wall, a 6 km long gravel road goes on to Jiayuguan Fort.

 

What you can see in the outer city

Outside the central city, there is another barrier forming the first defensive line of the pass 鈥 the outer city. Due to protective reasons, this wall was made of bricks, making it very solid. Also, there is a three-story tower with a plaque that checks out 鈥淭ian Xia Di Yi Xiong Guan鈥 to specify the significance and strength of this particular pass.

 

This building can also take you to:

 

Youji General鈥檚 Office
It is an area where generals handled military affairs. While there, you can experience the life of general鈥檚 families which resided in the backyard.

 

Wenchang Hall
It is a pavilion that will take you in front of the inner city. The design is the same as in the towers, and it has lattice doors and windows which are beautifully decorated. After the late Qing Dynasty, the hall became a working place for officials.

 

Opera Tower
Located near the east barbican, the opera tower was a spot where soldiers, merchants and local residents would come to relax by watching operas. Nowadays, all that is left are the beautiful Chinese symbols such as the red pillars, Eight Immortals etc.

TP 201810 China 05

How to get to Jiayugan

鈥 Location: Jiayugan is located six kilometers from the southwest of Jiayuguan City Gansu province.


鈥 How to get there: Take bus No. 4 in the downtown area. It will take around 20 minutes until you get there.


鈥 Fee: There is a different fees, as per the seasons.


- In high season (from 1st May 鈥 31st October) the price per ticket is 120 Yuan. This price includes the tickets for the Overhanging Great wall, the Jiayuguan Scenic Area and the First Fire Tower of the Great Wall.

 

- In low season (1st November 鈥 30th April) the price per ticket is 60 Yuan. Besides the change in rate, the offer is the same as for the high season.


鈥 Opening/Closing Time: From 08:00 till 18:30


鈥 Best time for visiting: May 鈥 October.

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